Mulk Raj Anand

NameMulk Raj Anand
Born12 December 1905, Peshawar, British India
Died28 September 2004
ProfessionNovelist
Period20th Century
Alma MaterKhalsa College Amritsar
University College London
Cambridge University
GenreRealistic Fiction
Notable WorkUntouchable (Novel)
Coolie (Novel)
The Sword And The Sickle (Novel)
Notable AwardsSahitya Akademi Award In 1971
Padma Bhushan Award In 1968
International Peace Award In 1953

Introduction of Mulk Raj Anand

Mulk Raj Anand was an Indian English writer known as an Indian author who achieved international readership. He was the best Indian novelist and listed among the first writers to incorporate Hindustani idioms and Punjabi into English. He was born in Peshawar on 12 December 1905 and did his education in London. 

He was interested in making his career in a literary career, and he was admired for his written novels and short stories. He was famous for his protest novel “Untouchable,” and “Coolie” and was active in other works. He produced various forms of creative writing and literary art. For example, he wrote short stories and novels. 

Early Life And Education

Mulk Raj Anand belongs to Peshawar, British India. He was born on 12 December 1905 and died on 28 September 2004. 

Raj was born in Peshawar in a Hindu Khatri family, and he also did his graduation from Khalsa College Amritsar in 1924. He was admitted to University College London, and later, he continued his studies at Cambridge University and earned a Ph.D. in philosophy in 1929.  

Career As Author And Journey Of The Mulk Raj Anand

Mulk Raj started his career because of a family tragedy, and he started his writing in England, where his stories were published in T.S Eliot’s magazine Criterion. His first essay was related to the suicide of an aunt who had a meal with a Muslim woman. He wrote the first novel, “Untouchable,” published in 1935. This novel presents the life of Bakha, a toilet cleaner, and triggers a series of humiliations because it is a matter of cast. 

At the end of this novel, Raj says that this technique introduces the new method of flushing, which is a necessary technique because it diminishes the saviour by itself service. 

Anand was active in 1930 and 40 in the independence movement during his time between London and India. He wrote the propaganda in London for the future defence minister, V.K KRISHNA MENON. 

As well as he spends his time working as a scriptwriter for the BBC in London. Here, the Raj met George Orwell, and they both became friends. He wrote another novel, “The Sword and the Sickle,” that indicates the significance of its release. 

In 1947, Mulk Raj returned to India to continue his prodigious literature. He included his short stories, novels, and autobiographies. Some prominent novels are “The Village,” “The Sword and the Sickle, and across the 1939. He founded the literary magazine Marg and taught at multiple universities. 

Apart from all his achievements, he also influenced the debates in 1974. Raj Anand has presented lectures on eminent Indians, including Jawaharlal Nehru, Rabindranath Tagore, and Mahatma Gandhi. 

The additional information about Mulk Raj is that he was also connected to the eastern service of BBC radio station in 1940. Here, he worked as an interviewer and hosted and discussed poetry and literary criticism. 

Personal Life Mulk Raj Anand

Anand married to Shirin Vajifdar; she was an English actress in 1938; she was a classical dancer from Mumbai in 1950. He had a daughter named Susheela of his daughter, and after a few years, they separated through a legal divorce. 

Also Read Some Other Authors –

Mulk Raj Anand’s Noteworthy Awards And Accolades  

  • Sahitya Akademi Award In 1971
  • Padma Bhushan Award In 1968
  • International Peace Award In 1953

Famous Books ( Novels, Short Stories, And Other Works) 

He wrote the Novels:

  • 1935- Untouchable
  • 1936- Coolie
  • 1937- Two Leaves And A Bud
  • 1939- The Village
  • 1939- Lament On The Death Of The Master Of Arts
  • 1939- Across The Black Waters
  • 1942- The Sword And The Sickle
  • 1945- The Big Heart
  • 1951- Seven Summers: The Story Of An Indian Childhood
  • 1953- The Private Life Of An Indian Prince
  • 1960 -The Old Woman And The Cow
  • 1961- The Road
  • 1964- Death Of A Hero: Epitaph For Maqbool Sherwani
  • 1968 -Morning Face
  • 1976 -Gauri
  • 1984 -The Bubble
  • 2002- Reflections On A White Elephant.

He wrote the Short Stories: 

  • The Lost Child And Other Stories
  • The Barbers Trade Union And Other Stories 
  • The Power Of The Darkness And Other Stories 
  • Between Tears And Laughter
  • Things Have A Way Of Working Out And Other Stories 
  • The Tractor And The Corn Goddess And Other Stories
  • The Gold Watch 
  • Duty

He wrote the Children’s Literature: 

  • Indian Fairy Tales Written In 1946.
  • The Story Of India, Written In 1948
  • The Story Of Man, Written In 1952
  • The Story Of Chacha Nehru, Written In 1965
  • Mora Written In 1972
  • The King Emperor’s English Or The Role Of The English Language In Free India, Written In 1948 
  • Some Street Games Of India Written In 1983
  • Chitralakshana: Story Of Indian Painting Written In 1989

He wrote the Books And Arts: 

  • Persian Painting 
  • The Hindu View Of Art
  • How To Test A Picture: Lectures On Seeing Versus Looking
  • Kama Kal: Some Note On The Philosophical Basis Of Hindu Erotic Sculpture. 
  • India In Color
  • Homage To Khajuraaho
  • Seven Little Known Birds Of The Inner Eye
  • Poet-Paiter: Painting By Rabindranath Tagore. 

He wrote the Letters: 

  • Anand To Alma: Letter Of Mulk Raj Anand 
  • Caliban And Gandhi: Letter To “Bapu” From Bombay
  • Author To Critic: The Letters Of Mulk Raj Anand 

He wrote the Other Works: 

  • The Golden Breath: Studies In Five Poets Of The New India. 
  • Curries And Other Indian Dishes 
  • Marx And Engels On India. 
  • Voice Of Crossing
  • The Humanism Of Rabindranath Tagore
  • The Humanism Of Jawaharlal Nehru. 
  • Roots And Flowers: Two Lectures On The Metamorphosis Of Technique And Content In The Indian English Novel. 

Aishwarya Gurg

I am an avid reader, content creator and writer and a mother. I am an MBA by profession with 5 years of corporate experience. I have travelled extensively across the nation and abroad, which has given me a wider perspective about life. I believe in equal opportunities and inclusivity. I have lived by the mantra of less judging and more uplifting each other for a better tomorrow.

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