Premchand

Native NameMunshi Premchand
Real NameDhanpat Rai Srivastava
Born31 July 1880 At Lamhi, Banaras, India
Died8 October 1936 At Age Of 56
Pen NamePremchand And Nawab Rai
ProfessionShort Story Writer, Script Writer And Novelist
NationalityIndian
Notable WorkNirmala, Godaan, Bazaar-E-Husn, Shatranj Ke Khiladi, Gaban Etc.
Years Active1920-1936
SpouseShivarani Devi

Introduction Of Premchand 

Munshi Premchand was the greatest Indian author; he was known by his other name that is “Dhanpat Rai Srivastava.” He was born in Banaras on 31 July 1880- 8 October 1936. He was a great story writer and wrote his novels in Hindi and Urdu language. Premchand was a famous writer in India, and he is generally known for his modern Hindustani literature.   

Prem Chand was a very prominent Indian writer and one of the first authors to write on caste hierarchies and laborers in society. His novels can be read at the present time, and his novels are constantly read from schooling to academics. He was the most readable bestselling author of the early twentieth century. 

Munshi ji was the most regarded writer at that time for his foremost Hindi writing as he wrote most heart-touching and reality-based novels; for example, Godaan, Karmabhoomi, Idgaah, Gaban, and Man Sarovar

Moreover, it can be easy to say that he has a large introduction because of his accomplishments. he started writing under the pen name “NAWAB RAI,” and he published his shorts in 1907, which was called “Soz-e-Watan.” Prem Chand was one of the greatest novel writers, writing stories, dramas, and novels. Additionally, in history, he wrote dozens of novels, numerous essays, three hundred short stories, and translations into Hindi. 

Early Life And Education 

Munshi Prem Chand belongs to the Banaras in Lamhi. This village is established nearest to Banaras. He was born on 31 July 1880 in this village; Prem Chand was known by his real name “Dhanpat Rai Srivastava.” His father, Ajaib Lal, was a clerk in the post office, and his grandfather was the patwari who kept the village property records. Mushi’s mother, Anandi Devi, was an inspiration for all because she was a “Bade Ghar Ki Beti.” Prem Chand was the fourth child of Ajaib Lal and Anandi Devi. Munshi Premchande has two sisters,’ but both died as infants, and the Third sister was Suggi. 

  • Schooling Completed: His schooling was completed at the madrasa in Lalpur, Varanasi. Munshi learned Persian and Urdu in the madrasa. He was a graduate from Allahabad University, and he completed his degree in 1919. Now, he was selected for the post of deputy inspector of schools in 1921. 
  • Stepmother Doesn’t Like Him: After some time, his mother died when he was eight years old only, and his father married again, but his life was affected by his stepmother because she didn’t love him.   

Career As Author And Journey Of Munshi Dhanpat Rai  

Now, Dhanpat Rai (Munshi Premchand) found interest in books because he loved to read. He worked to sell the books to the wholesaler so that he could read lots of books. He wrote his first literary book, and this was never out for publication. This writing was based on his uncle, who loved the lower caste of women.

  • Worked As A Teacher: In 1900, Premchan worked at a district school as an assistant teacher. He was working there only for twenty rupees. After that, he transferred his job to the district school in Pratapgarh, and he had the facility to stay in Bangalow with the administrators.  
  • His story for Necessity of Blood: In 1905, Premchand was relocated to Allahabad for training, and his first published story was “Duniya Ka Sabse Anmol Ratan, which was published in 1907 in Zamana Publishers. This story represents the necessity of blood for independence.  
  • A Novel About Widow Remarriage: The second novel of Dhanpat Rai ( Premchand ) was published in 1907 and was written by the name of “BABU NAWAB RAI BANARASIThis novel was about widow remarriage women, and it exposed the issues during the remarriages of a widow. 
  • Roothi Rani Published: Moreover, in 1907, Premchand’s novel was published through the Kishna Banaras Medical Hall press. Additionally, another novel, “Roothi Rani,” was published by Zamana Publishers. 
  • Kanhaiya Lal Munshi V/S Munshi Premchand: In 1909, Premchand became the Sub-Depudy Inspector of schools, and he was posted in Hamirpur. Later, He edited the “Hans Magazine” with Kanhaiya Lal Munshi, and he was called by the name of “Mushi Premchand after editing this magazine. 
  • Start writing in Hindi: In 1914, he started to write for Hindi languages and his first Hindi story was published, “Sout,” in December 1915, and his first short story, “Sapta Saroj,” was published in June 1917. 
  • Back To Banaras: He quit his job and left Gorakhpur on 18 March 1921 to continue his writing work and started to emphasize his literary career. 
  • Published Four Novels: Mushi Ji published four novels in 1919; his first novel was “Seva Sadan,” published in Hindi; this novel was written in Urdu, and the title was “Bazaar-E-Husn.” That was published in Hindi through the publication of Calcutta and Premchand and earned 450 rupees for this novel. After that, he got 250 rupees from the Urdu publisher in Lahore. He illustrates the unhappiness of housewives in this novel. 
  • Worked For Film Industry: In 1934, Premchand went to Bombay to work in the Hindi film industry. He started the script writing for “Ajanta Cinetone,” and he earned 8,000 salary for this work. Now, he was writing for the film “Mazdoor,” a Bollywood movie directed by Mohan Bhawnani. 
  • Joined The Politics: In 1936, he joined politics, and he was nominated as the 1st president of the Progressive Writers’ Association in Lucknow. Now, the unexpected situation was that Premchand died on 8 October 1936 after his poor health. 

Premchand Noteworthy Awards and Accolades 

There is no information about awards and accolades. According to historical research, Munshi Premchand never achieved any awards for his effortless work.

Also Read Some Other Authors –

Famous Books (Stories, Novels, Biographies, and Essays) 

Short Stories Are: 

  • Adeeb Ki Izat In Urdu
  • Beti Ka Dhan Published In Zamana
  • Bade Bhai Sahab, Published In Zamana
  • Duniya Ka Sabse Anmol Ratan Published In Zamana
  • Gupt Dhan
  • Jihad In Hindi 
  • Kazaki
  • Kafan Published In Jamia
  • Lekhak In Hindi 
  • Mantra
  • Namak Ka Daroga
  • Poos Ki Raat
  • Panch Parameshvar Published In Sarasvati
  • Saut Published In Sarasvati
  • Sajjanata Ka Dand Published In Sarasvati

Other Stories Are: 

  • ABHUSHAN
  • AMRIT 
  • BHOOT 
  • BADE GHAR KI BETI
  • CHORI
  • DEVI
  • SHAI SER GEHUN
  • DO SAKHIYA
  • DO BAILON KI KATHA
  • IBRAT
  • JAIL
  • MARYADA KI VEDI
  • MAMTA
  • MANDIR
  • MAZDOOR
  • MRITAK BHOJ
  • NIJAT
  • NIMANTRAN
  • PRAYASCHIT
  • PRERNA
  • RAMLEELA 
  • SATI 
  • SATYAGRAHA  
  • SATI
  • SEWA MARG
  • SUHAG KI SARI
  • SAUTELE MAA
  • THAKUR KA KUAAN
  • THRIYA CHARITA
  • KHOON SAFED
  • UDHAR KI GHADI
  • RAJA HARDAUL 
  • VIMATA 

Novels: 

  • 1905- Devasthan Rahasya 
  • 1907- Prema
  • 1907-Kishna
  • 1907- Roothi Rani
  • 1909- Soz-E-Watan
  • 1912-Vardaan
  • 1919-Seva Sadan In Hindi 
  • 1919- Bazaar-E-Husn In Urdu
  • 1922- Premashram ( Gosha-E-Afiyat)
  • 1924-Rangbhoomi ( Chaugan-E-Hasti)
  • 1925- Nirmala 
  • 1926- Kaayakalp In Hindi
  • 1934- Parda-I-Majaz In Urdu. 
  • 1927- Pratigya (Bewa) 
  • 1931- Gaban ( Ghaban) 
  • 1932- Karmabhoomi ( Maidan-E-Amal) 
  • 1936- Godaan ( Saraswati Press) 
  • 1936- Mangalsootra 

Other Additional Work:

  • Film Script – Mill Mazdoor In 1943
  • Plays- Tajurba, Prem Ki Vedi, Roohani Ki Shadi, Sangram. 
  • Essays- Qalam Tyag Aur Talwar, Kucch Vichar 
  • Biographies- Mahatma Sheikhsadi, Durgadas
  • Chaildren Books: Manmohak, Ram Charcha , Bal Kahaniyan Sumpum

Aishwarya Gurg

I am an avid reader, content creator and writer and a mother. I am an MBA by profession with 5 years of corporate experience. I have travelled extensively across the nation and abroad, which has given me a wider perspective about life. I believe in equal opportunities and inclusivity. I have lived by the mantra of less judging and more uplifting each other for a better tomorrow.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *