Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay

Born15 September 1876
Birth PlaceDebanandapur, Bengal, India
Died16 January 1938 At the Age Of 61-Year-Old, In Calcutta
ProfessionNovelist, Writer
LanguageBengali
NationalityBritish India
Notable Work (Writing)Devdas, Parineeta, Pother Dabi, Srikanta
SpouseShanti Devi (1st Wife)- 1906-1908
Hironmoyi Devi (2nd Wife) – 1910-1938

Introduction of Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay is an Indian author who is known as “Saratchandra Chatterji.” He was born on September 15 and died on January 16, 1938. He was a Bengali and wrote many novels in the Bengali language. His father was the Moti Lal Chattopadhyay, and his mother was the Bhubanmohini. He belongs to a low-income family, and due to this, he has completed his formal education. 

He kept busy writing, and he wrote the Korel and Kashinath story, which is also popular at present, and readers like to read those stories. He wrote about the society, cities, and Bengali families. He was also known as the most popular translator and for his natural writing style. 

Early Life And Education 

Sarat Chandra, the author, belonged to the Bengali Brahmin family, debanandapur, Bengali, India, and he was born on September 15, 1876. His father’s name was the Moti Lal, and his mother’s name was Bhuvanmohini. There were five children, and Chandra was the second child in his family. His childhood was spent in poverty, and he explained that part of his life was spent in tough times; according to the sarat Chandra’s education was not so much better.

He briefed here that his father Motilal was a known scholar, and he was also writing dramas and novels, but everything was incomplete. Hence, Sarat wanted to complete them and started writing at the age of seventeen.  

Now, discuss his education; Sarat has successfully cleared his entrance examination at the end of 10th standard and was admitted to Tejnarayan Jubilee College. Now, he was taking an interest in the English language and started to read English novels such as David Copperfield’s “A Tale of Two Cities”. After that, his studies were stopped because he was not capable of paying the twenty-rupee examination fee to continue his studies. 

Career As Author And Journey Of Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay

After learning the history of the Sarat career, it can be said that he started translating Hindi paper books into English for six months. He worked with an advocate in Calcutta.  

Sarat also worked on a story called “Mandir” and sent it to the Kuntaleen story competition. He won the first for this story. This was the first printed work of Sarat that was published under his uncles. 

Later, he started to do a permanent job in Burma railway in accounts; after 13 years, he left this place, and in 1916, he returned to Howrah. He was selected for the position of president of the Howrah district branch in 1936. 

Additionally, Chandra has good connections with Subash Chandra Bose, Chittranjan Das, and various freedom fighters and political parties. 

He wrote about women and their critical lives, where they faced lots of problems. He was dedicated to contributing his novels to the Jamuna magazine. His writing was related to the revolution, where social rules and superstition can be seen in his written writing or stories, for example, “Devdas,” “Siraj Bau,” Palli Samaj, And “Parineeta.” 

Moreover, various social activities always motivated him to write anything new stories, and he finally completed his last novel, Seshh Prashna”; this novel was based on the issues of marriage, love, society,y and individuals, etc. 

Apart from all that information, Sarat Chandra’s first story was published in 1922 in the Oxford University Press, and his first movie was the silent movie “Andhara Aalo.”

In 1923, he received the prestigious Award Jagattarini Gold Medal from the University of Calcutta, and he worked as a paper setter in B.A examination at the university. 

Personal Life and Character of Sarat Chandra 

Sarat Chandra was born in Bengal, Debanandapur, on September 15. He was the 2nd child in his family, and they were five siblings. His younger brother only lived with him, and he was the Prakash Chandra. They were all married. Now Chandra got married in 1906, and he was disappointed when his wife and one-year-old son died of the plague disease. 

After all the circumstances, Sarat Chandra got married again to the widow girl; at first, he did not agree to this marriage, but her father requested him to marry his 14-year-old widow girl. He decided to teach her. Unfortunately, after they got a second marriage, they still did not have a child.

  • Journey of Barma: In Barma, Sarat Chandra started sundry jobs in Pegu and Rangoon. Here, a Mistry met the Sarat, who was a worker of artisans and mechanics. Sarat helped him to give homeopathy medicine free of cost, and the workers respected him as well. 
  • Journey of Rangoon: In Rangoon, he learned various books and borrowed books on multiple subjects that they liked most, like psychology, history, philosophy, and scriptures. He also started the painting due to his unwell health. 

Once a day, his house burnt because it was made by the wooden and he lost his scripts and paintings. Then he started writing again. 

In 1914, he started writing again, but he didn’t receive any response for his writing. Suddenly, some of the people asked me to write for them, and I wrote a short story for Jamuna magazine. This story was published, and I gained popularity due to this writing. I thought I was the only luckiest writer who got fem without effort. He resigned from his job in 1916 due to his bad health, and he went to Calcutta. 

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He came to Hawda and built his own house in 1935; this house was known as “Sarat Chandra Kuthi.” Guava and bamboo trees can seen here in this house at present. He planned to travel to Europe, but his health was not capable of traveling, and his plans failed because he had liver cancer. During this phase, he died on January 16, 1938, in Calcutta. 

Famous Books and Work Till Now of Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay

Novels: – 

  • IN 1907- “BARDIDI” 
  • IN 1914- “BIRAJ BOU”
  • IN 1916-“CHANDRANATH AND PARINITA”
  • IN 1916- “BAIKUNTHER WILL”
  • IN 1917- “DEVDAS & CHORITROHIN”
  • IN 1917- “NISHKRIT”
  • IN 1918- “DATTA”
  • IN 1920- “GRIHADAHA”
  • IN 1923-“DENA PAONA”
  • IN 1926- “PATHAR DABI”
  • IN 1931- “SHES PROSHNO”

Stories: 

  • AALO O CHHAYA
  • ANURADHA
  • ABUPAMAR PREM
  • BOJHA
  • BILASHI
  • CHOBI 
  • CHELEDHORA
  • DARPORCHURNO
  • EKADASHI BAIRAGI 
  • KASHINATH
  • HARILAKSHMI
  • MANDIR
  • MEJDIDI
  • MAHESH
  • PARESH
  • RAMER SHUMOTI
  • SWAMI
  • SATI 

Plays:

  • Shoroshi
  • Jai Hind
  • Rama 
  • Bijoya

Essays:

  • Taruner bidroho
  • Swadesh O Sahitya
  • Narir Mulya

Biography:

  • Great Vagabond.
  • Awara Masiha By Vishnu Prabhakar In Hindi. 

Movies:

  • In 1967- Majhli Didi 
  • 1971- Chotti Bahu. 
  • 1975- Gulzar’s
  • 2011- Aalo Chhaya ( Short Story)
  • 1977- The “Sabyasachi” Film, It Was Released In 1977 Which Was Based On Pathar Dabi. 

Other Works: 

  • IN 1920- “DEHATI SAMAJ”
  • SHARODA 

Sarat Chandra Noteworthy Awards And Accolades

  • Sarat Chandra received the Filmfare award for Best Story for swami. 
  • Sarat Chandra also wrote The Chandranath in 1957; this novel won four awards of national film awards in Bangladesh. 

 

Aishwarya Gurg

I am an avid reader, content creator and writer and a mother. I am an MBA by profession with 5 years of corporate experience. I have travelled extensively across the nation and abroad, which has given me a wider perspective about life. I believe in equal opportunities and inclusivity. I have lived by the mantra of less judging and more uplifting each other for a better tomorrow.

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